The largest parachute production in Russia was opened in the city of Kirzhach, Vladimir Region
Parachute factory with an area of ​​5 thousand square meters. m, designed to produce more than 2 thousand parachutes for military and civilian use per year, opened on the basis…

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The Russian Armed Forces team became the best at the Parachuting Championship in Indonesia
In Indonesia, the 38th SIZM Parachute World Championship ended. Our servicemen have once again proved that they have no equal not only on earth, but also in the sky! The…

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First Jump Preparation: Beginner Outfit
At first glance, a beginner expects a lot of difficulties in parachuting. In fact, everything is far from being as difficult as it seems. We will try to answer the…

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Wingsuit Flights

Does the wingsuit fly or only reduces vertical speed due to aerodynamic drag? It really flies, because just its area is not enough for such a decrease in vertical speed and smooth planning.

But only gravity allows flying wingsuit. The vertical fall caused by the force of gravity of the wingsuit turns into horizontal (as far as possible) flight. The same principles underlie gliders, hang gliders and wing parachutes. Wingsuit flies because it has an aerodynamic profile, just like an airplane wing, parachute wing, or even Space Shuttle (space shuttle) In reality, in shape and flight characteristics, the wings are closer to the shuttle than to other aircraft.

Wingsuit Flights
Wingsuit, like other aerodynamic profiles, creates lift and drag. The better the flight, the better the relationship between lift and drag. For a specific aerodynamic shape, this relationship between lift and drag varies with speed. The speed at which the best quality is usually 30-40% higher than the vertical speed (ask any glider about the minimum and best planning speed, in 90% the answer will be 55-65 km / h minimum speed and 80-90 km / h best planning speed) . Flying with the best planning speed allows you to cover the maximum distance. Flying at a lower or higher speed means a shorter distance. Every flying body has a minimum speed, which creates sufficient lift for flight. Below this speed, the lift is insufficient and the fall begins (Remember, parachutes also stop and lose lift. The horizontal speed in this case is close to zero, and the vertical doubles). The same goes for wingsuit. To fly, he needs speed. The question is what is the best speed for better planning. This is a tricky question, since Wingyut is not a tough profile. Each pilot flies using slightly different positions of the arms, legs and body. This means that all pilots have different profiles. Add different weight, height and size of the arms and legs and the problem becomes even more difficult. That is why it is very difficult to determine the minimum speed for a wingsuit. But there are general rules for any flying body. The relationship between the effective wing area and the weight of a flying body is called wing loading.

Most skydivers are familiar with these terms in relation to their parachutes. A high-load dome will fly faster, but its vertical speed will also be higher. Today wing type parachutes have between 0.5 and 3.0 pounds per square foot. Hang glider loads of approximately 1.2 and 1.5 pounds per square foot. and their minimum speed is about 35 km / h (22 mph). Cessna aircraft have a load of 20 lbs / sqft and their minimum speed is 80-90 km / h (50–55 mph).

The space shuttle, with its short wings and extremely high load, lands at a speed of more than 350 km / h (220 mph !!!).

Wingsuit average pilot has an area of ​​15-16 sq.ft, the weight of the pilot 170-190 pounds. Thus, the loading of the wingsuit is 10.5 – 12.5 lbs / sqft, ten times higher than the parachute. The simplest mathematics tells us that when loading ten times, the minimum speed will be (roughly) 3 times higher. Wingsuit flight studies have shown that better planning is achieved at a speed of 130 km / h (75 mph).
The vertical speed is 40-50 km / h. Aerodynamic quality between 2 and 2.5. You can fly at a lower descent speed, but the result will be a significantly lower horizontal speed and worse glide path.

The latest D-12 parachute system is ready for state trials
Kirzhach, Vladimir region. Honored parachutist - tester Vladimir Nesterov, who has more than twelve thousand jumps behind him, will test the innovative D-12 parachute system. The new parachute, designed for…

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Rostec created a parachute for emergency evacuation from skyscrapers
For the first time, Rostec demonstrated a unique development for the evacuation of people from high-rise buildings - the individual Chance special-purpose parachute system. The first open demonstration of the…

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How to make money on parachuting (part 4)
The fact is that the seller of parachute equipment itself must be a well-known and experienced skydiver, with at least 1000 jumps behind it. Since the seller is indirectly responsible…

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"Capsule"
The extremal made a preplanned jump without a parachute from a height of 7620 meters and landed on a network stretched over the California desert. “This is a tiny object…

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